What do you know about the terms citizenship and Australian citizenship?
How would you define them?
A citizen is a person who is recognised by a government as a member of that government's nation.
Being a citizen of a nation, also called having citizenship, means the nation is entitled to protect that person. Likewise, the person has a duty to their nation.
What this ‘duty' involves differs between nations. In Australia, it includes the responsibility
of voting. In Singapore,
it includes men serving
time in the army.
Australian citizenship simply means that a person is a citizen of Australia.
Not everyone who lives in Australia is a citizen. People who are allowed to live in the country permanently and are not citizens are called permanent residents.
Advantages that Australian citizens have over permanent residents include the right to vote, the ease of returning to Australia after international travel and the ability to have certain jobs, such as prime minister.
A person becomes an Australian citizen by being born in Australia to an Australian or permanent resident parent, or when they apply for citizenship and are accepted.
If a person is born outside of Australia, they are not automatically an Australian citizen, regardless of whether their parents are citizens
or permanent residents.
They must apply to become one.
Applications for Australian citizenship are divided into four categories—citizenship by: conferral, descent, adoption and resumption.
Citizenship by conferral can be granted to permanent residents who have lived in Australia for at least four years. (The word ‘conferral' means ‘bestowing').
Citizenship by descent can be granted to people born overseas to an Australian citizen parent.
Citizenship by adoption can be granted to people born overseas and adopted by an Australian citizen.
Citizenship by resumption can be granted to people who were previously Australian citizens but lost their citizenship for certain reasons.
To obtain citizenship, a person must apply for it and meet specific requirements. The requirements of each of the four types of application vary, but evidence to prove your identity, character and eligibility are needed for all.
For example, when applying for citizenship by conferral, a person must already be living in Australia due to the residential requirement and also needs to be in Australia when the decision on the application is made.
The person must also attend a ceremony to legalise the citizenship. Other types of application do not require people to be in Australia or
to attend a ceremony.
Those who wish to receive citizenship by conferral are further required to take a citizenship test.
This test is designed to allow applicants to demonstrate their knowledge of Australia and the responsibilities and privileges
What kind of questions would you expect to see on this test?
Do you think a test like this is fair when other Australian citizens don't have to take one?
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